For many millennials, the idea of growing your organic garden can sound more like a fantasy. Most of us are looking to enjoy the benefits of organic produce right from own backyards. However, not many of us know even the basics of gardening.
In this guide, we will provide all that a beginner’s garden needs to know about soil, planting, compost, and everything else in between. All you need is a bit of patient and the willingness to upkeep your produce.
Here is a beginner’s guide to growing an organic garden.
Choose Your Plot
Decide on the area you would like to grow your garden. If you have plenty of property, the options are endless. However, if you have minimal space to work it, don’t get discouraged. The best technique to growing a garden is to increase your plants straight from the dirt.
Ideally, you should aim for an open portion with well-drained soil that consists of sandy, clay, silt, and compost. Some homes have a large ratio that leans towards either too much sand or a clay mess. While you can’t change what is already there, you can improve how the materials bind together.
To do this, you must clean out the plot of grass and use a shovel to turn the soil. That way, you will blend your existing soil and allow you to plant right away. Be sure not to make the compost bed too full and you will need room to allow the roots to grow.
If you have limited space, stick to quality bottles. Most vegetables will grow just fine, except for asparagus and root crops. Tomatoes, peppers, green onions, beans lettuce and squash will grow well in containers. Just be sure to consider varieties that can grow in confined spaces.
Start with what you like, however, consider the climate and small pests that may interfere with your plants. If you are unsure of what types of vegetables grow in your area, contact your local cooperative extensive to learn more about the national agriculture network.
Seeds VERUS seedlings
Seeds are an inexpensive way to provide a variety of plants. However, you might need to start them indoors for the first few weeks. The date is crucial to plantings as you must garden when the chances of freezing are slim to none. Consider late spring and summer seasons to plant.
When you have limited space, some companion plants will help each other grow and even enrich the soil. This will help you to build heavy soil and avoid the use of pesticides and fertilizers.
Companion plants like sunflowers can attract the beneficial insects such as ladybugs, ground beetles, and lacewings as well as feast on the bad bugs like mites, aphids, and slugs that ruin plants.
Maintain Your Garden
Weeds can steal nutrients away from your garden and make your organic garden look like a complete mess. But you don’t have to spray toxic chemicals to keep invaders away. Instead, use fish and seaweed fertilizer clove oil, and compost to spray on your garden and keep weed infestation in control.
While this sounds like a lot of work, schedule a few minutes of weed pulling every few days. This will keep them out of control. You can also inspect your plants for unexpected problems to help prevent weeds from returning.
Every gardener should know how to mulch. This is to keep soil covered your ground well secured to avoid harsh sunlight from reaching the weeds. Place a thick layer of natural mulch such as straw, shredded leaves and dried grass to replace your garden.
If you have a high weed problem, the best thing to do is get some help from the sun. Remove as many weeds as you can then moisten the soil. Cover the ground with a tight layer of plastic. Leave the plastic for six weeks to remove any remaining weed seeds.
Suppressing weed growth early in the spring season can provide many benefits. Corn processes allow the germination of seeds while fertilizing at the same time. Corn gluten also does not discriminate between seeds.
Be sure to read up on seed packs when you start your gardening. While not all terms are standard, these terms will help you with what you need to know to planting the right seeds.
Got any tips for first-time gardeners? What has or hasn’t worked for you? Comment below and share your ideas with us!